Taken from and
By Daniel Espejo García and Michael Steben Obando Sanchez.

California is a state of the United States located on the southwest coast of the country. It has a population of 38 million people and covers an area of 410,000 km2. With this data, California is consolidated as the state's most populous United States and the third largest (after Alaska and Texas).
The area was inhabited by Native Americans before the first European expedition in the s.XVI. Spain colonized the areas of the coast of the territory in 1769 before it become part of mexico after the War of Independence of Mexico (1810-1821). California was part of Mexican territory until the war between Mexico and the United States from 1846-1848. At the end of the war, and as a condition for peace, Mexico was forced to cede the territory to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Gold Rush in the period 1848-1849 resulted in a migration of 90,000 Americans from the rest of the country. Finally, California became the 31st state of the United States in 1850.

Despite its predominantly sunny weather has brought an image of a certain laziness of its inhabitants, compared with the rest of the west coast of the United States, California's economy is among the 7 most important economic powerhouses in the world (about 1 , 55 trillion dollars, 2004 data), which represents 13% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the United States, which totals 12 billion dollars. The main economic activities in the state include agriculture, recreation, power and tourism. California are located in some of the most important economic regions of the United States, such as Los Angeles (entertainment, leisure), California Central Valley (agriculture); Slicon valley (computer science and high technology) and Napa Valleyvino).

By Michael Obando & Daniel Espejo, 4º A